In the 60-ies of XX century, during the Khrushchev “thaw” in Ukrainian society and spread the idea of revival of national traditions. Primarily this is manifested in the intent of perpetuating the memory of the Zaporozhye Cossacks. At that time there is a project to create historical and cultural reserve and Museum of history of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks on the island Khortytsya.

Over thematic structure of the Museum worked outstanding scientists, such as the researcher of Zaporozhian Cossacks Elena Apanovich, member-cor. SSR Bone, burn, etc. Under the editorship of 1966, the exhibition theme to fully illuminate the history of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks: from its formation to dissolution, showed the influence of the Cossacks on the further destiny of the Ukrainian people.

But at the beginning of 70-ies the idea of creating a Museum of history of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks on the Khortytsia was recognized as such, not consistent with the policy of the Soviet government and the Communist party. The initiators of the Museum of the Cossacks was accused of connivance “nationalist illusions and vestiges” and removed from their posts.

But on 14 October 1983 on.Khortytsya was a Museum of history of Zaporozhye, which exhibits talked about the history of the island from ancient times, gave the history of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks in the light of the then ideology, but much of it talked about the revolutionary struggle and socialist construction in the city at the rapids.

The ceremonial presentation of a symbolic key from the Museum of history of Zaporozhye

Section of the exhibition of the Museum of history of Zaporozhye

On the wave of perestroika processes in the society the question arose about the need for redevelopment of the Museum of history of Zaporozhye in the Museum of history of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks. After the proclamation of Ukraine’s independence sections of the exhibition devoted to the era of socialism were dismantled. In their place are created exhibitions that reflect the history of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks.

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